The signs and symptoms of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) are so subtle that they often go undiagnosed. CKD and polycystic kidney diseases (PKD) often progress because patients do not realize that they are getting worse. Recognizing the symptoms of kidney failure at the onset will prevent years of problems.
Patients who experience these symptoms should immediately see a doctor since it is only him who can provide a diagnosis. These symptoms are also related to other medical conditions. Additionally, ask your doctor for blood and urine tests.
Any changes in urination in terms of frequency, amounts, appearance should be taken seriously. The kidneys make urine to eliminate waste from the body and changes should be checked. This may include frequent urination or urinating in greater amounts, having foamy or bubbly urine or having blood in it. Patients will feel strong pressure on the bladder which makes urinating hard.
Pain in the legs, back and side
This refers to the lingering pain in the legs, upper back and side where the kidneys are found. PKD often produces kidney cysts on the kidneys and liver. Pain on the affected side is often compared to labor pains that a woman experiences during child delivery.
Bad breath is often a sign that something in the system is not functioning properly. Weeks or months before kidney failure patients describe having Ammonia breath caused by the excess waste bi-product in the bloodstream. This also affects the taste resulting to a loss in appetite.
Toxicity can also cause nausea and vomiting, lack of appetite and weight loss.
Excess fluids in the body pool in the extremities which result to swelling in the face, legs, hands, ankles and feet. When it’s really bad patients are unable to wear their shoes or their rings.
Skin rash and acne
Acne breakouts, rashes and severe itching are experienced when there is a buildup of waste in the bloodstream. There is tendency for excess toxicity to show on the skin surface.
Tired muscles and overall fatigue take place when kidneys fail because of the reduced production of the erythropoietin hormone (EPO) which commands oxygen-carrying red blood cells to energize the muscles and brain.
Reduction in EPO production leads to anemia or the decrease in red blood cells. This leaves the patient constantly feeling cold.
Shortness of Breath
CKD or PKD can also cause fluid buildup in the lungs that lead to shortness of breath. Anemia also causes the same symptom.